Rubus: Salmonberry. Salix: Willow. Slightly acidic soil 5. Banana plants require lots of nourishment. These heavy feeders need ample amounts of organic matter , such as green sand. Pay close attention to potassium levels. Potassium is an extremely important element as bananas are filled with potassium, so this is a very necessary nutrient for the plant. Remember banana trees are tropical and hail from rain forests. They need a lot of water, and they need plenty of moisture in the air.
Banana Trees - Apeeling Plants for the Garden
This is one reason why they do best planted in groups rather than as single specimens. Being close together helps them retain moisture in the leaves.
Provide one or 2 inches of water weekly and check frequently to make certain the soil stays evenly moist. Position your plants in such a way to protect them against strong winds. Their large leaves damage easily with inclement weather. Strong winds 30 mph will merely shred the leaves; however, exposure to winds over 40 miles an hour will break the pseudostem and knock the plant down. Protect plants against temperature extremes as much as possible.
Landscaping with Tropical Plants
When temperatures drop growth slows down, and very cold temperatures cause plants to die back. To guard against temperature extremes, plant in sheltered locations. Provide more protection by bringing your plants indoors or taking winterization steps when cold weather hits.
Banana trees will grow in containers but realize the containers must be very large. Fifteen gallon pots is the minimum size required for optimum growth. You can protect it very well against cold and inclement weather.
Growing banana trees in containers does present particular challenges, though. Because these are very hungry and thirsty plants, you may find it difficult to keep up with the feeding and watering requirements. Younger, smaller plants may do fine with watering every couple of days; however, larger more mature plants need a daily drenching daily.
All potted banana plants need very frequent and copious applications of banana tree fertilizer. Repot and divide container grown banana plants at least once every three years. Use a very high quality of potting mix and make sure to fertilize regularly. In wintertime, move container banana plants indoors and keep it as a houseplant — provided you have enough room to accommodate it. Remember banana plants can grow to reach 12 to 18 feet high. In addition to plenty of headroom, provide your indoor banana plant with ample light, warmth and humidity.
It is quite challenging to keep a banana plant as an indoor plant in the wintertime. Many gardeners choose to overwinter plants in a cool dark space, such as a basement. Others take steps to winterize their plants inside. During winter you can protect banana plants against temperature extremes in many different ways.
However, you can dig a plant up in autumn and store it in a cool location where it will be safe from freezing. For the cold-wimpiest of his zone-pushing collection oleander and a conventional gardenia, for example , Hobday grows them in pots and moves the pots into his unheated garage over winter. It's borderline getting everything in there. The car still fits. Hobday concedes this isn't something an average gardener will want to do.
Then again, he doesn't admit to being an average gardener.
How To Grow And Care For Banana Trees | Bunnings Warehouse
Eight of Hylton Hobday's suggested plants for local zone-pushers:. Dwarf palmetto Sabal minor. A clumping palm with minimal to no trunk. Protect in winter with at least a leaf-insulated burlap wrap or, better yet, a heated shelter with holiday lights and bubble wrap. Needle palm Rhapidophyllum hystrix. Also a clumping palm with minimal to no trunk that can be overwintered similar to dwarf palmetto.
Windmill palm Trachycarpus fortunei. A trunked palm, potentially growing to 20 feet or more. Needs bubble-wrap protection in winter with heat from holiday lights inside.
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Agapanthus 'MidKnight Blue' overwinters here with just a couple inches of mulch over the soil. Agapanthus lily of the Nile. A perennial with strappy leaves and blue or white trumpet-like flowers. Protect with 2 or 3 inches of mulch.
Care and Culture of Palms
Gardenia 'Crown Jewel. A covering of snow or a burlap wrap helps it overwinter. This variety is as cold-hardy as any. Crape myrtle 'Sarah's Favorite. Hobday says it's the cold-hardiest crape myrtle he's found. Hardy banana Musa basjoo. Soil that has a pH between 5.
Fertilize your banana plant regularly as well. Red banana trees are hearty, big eaters and need plenty of nutrients, especially for flower and fruit production. Potassium-rich fertilizer is great, and you could even consider adding compost and manure to help boost the plant's nutrient intake. It's recommended that you use 1 pound of fertilizer for a younger plant and up to 2 pounds for a mature plant. Generally, red banana trees are pest-free and disease-free in temperate gardens.
You can simply uproot any pests you see and trim off dead leaves when you see them about to sprout.
Cold Hardy bananas
Keep in mind that plants may suffer from winter rot if kept too wet during their dormant period, so take care not to overwater your red banana plant. Banana trees can be sensitive to strong winds, and their leaves are easily damaged by hail or wind, so to combat this, it's best to plant your tree in a site that's protected by a windbreak. You could also support the plant by staking it to prevent it from toppling over during storms. When you're wrapping up your plants outdoors for winter, you may need to cut some stems back from your red banana tree. Justine Harrington is based in Austin, where she writes about current trends in health, wellness, community, gardening and sustainability.